PyCRAM Bullet World Tutorial

General

The BulletWorld is PyCRAMs internal physics simulation which is used for geometric reasoning as well as executing the robot control plans. For a detailed description as well as a documentation of the API please look in the corresponding docu here.

The aim of this tutorial is to show the basics of how a user can interact with the BulletWorld, this includes loading objects and interacting with them.

To get started we need to import the BulletWorld as well as the Object class from PyCRAM. Objects are everything that you can load into the BulletWorld, there is only the Object class to give the user a simpler API such that everything in the BulletWorld provides the same methods.

from pycram.bullet_world import BulletWorld, Object

To open a BulletWorld you simply need to create an instance of the BulletWorld class. Here you can also set the gravity that should be applied when the simulation is running.

world = BulletWorld()
world.set_gravity([0, 0, -9.8])

To change the camera position in the BulletWorld you have to press the control key while using the mouse to move the camera

The opening window should look like this.

This is simply an empty BulletWorld without anything inside. To load objects into this we use the Object class which we imported before.

plane = Object("floor", "environment", "plane.urdf", world=world)
milk = Object("milk", "milk", "milk.stl", [0, 0, 1])

This should spawn a static ground plane as well as a milk which is floating above the plane. The milk is floating and does not fall down even though the gravity is set to be the normal gravity on earth, this is the case since the BulletWorld is not simulating at the moment.

For the simulation in the BulletWorld to run it has to be directly called this can be done by either the “simualte” method which takes an amount of time (in seconds) that should be simulated or the “set_realtime” method which takes a boolean value and lets the BulletWorld continuously run in real time. Both methods are part of the BulletWorld class and can be called like this:

world.simulate(10)
world.set_realtime(True)

Interaction

To interact with the spawned objects in the BulletWorld there are a lot of methods provided by the Object class, a detailed list can be seen here.

Here we will use the “set_position_and_orientation” method to give the milk a new position as well as orientation.

milk.set_position_and_orientation([1, 1, 1], [0, 1, 0, 1])

As you can see the new position is given as a list representing the xyz-coordinates in the Cartesian world coordinate frame and the orientation is given as a list representing the xyzw components of a quaternion.

Another interesting method of objects is the “attach” method which takes another object as parameter and creates an attachment between these two. Meaning as long as they are attached to each other they will always move simultaneously while keeping their relative positions.

Lastly, for more complex objects like robots there are methods for getting the position or orientation of specific joints or setting the value of a joint.